Soil Moisture Sensor Module

This soil moisture sensor module is made use of to detect the moisture of the soil. It measures the volumetric content of water inside the soil and gives us the moisture level as output. The module has both digital and analog outputs and a potentiometer to adjust the threshold level.

Moisture Sensor Module Characteristics & Specifications

Operating Voltage: 3.3V to 5V DC

Operating Current: 15mA

Output Digital - 0V to 5V, Adjustable trigger level from preset

Output Analog - 0V to 5V based on infrared radiation from fire flame falling on the sensor

LEDs indicating output and power

PCB Size: 3.2cm x one.4cm

LM393 based design

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Easy to use with Microcontrollers or even with normal Digital/Analog IC

Small, cheap and easily available

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Related Components: LM393 Comparator IC, 10K Potentiometer, Capacitor

Brief about Soil Moisture Sensor Module

This Moisture sensor module consists of a Moisture sensor, Resistors, Capacitor, Potentiometer, Comparator LM393 IC, Power and Status LED in an integrated circuit.

LM393 IC

LM393 Comparator IC is used as a voltage comparator in this Moisture sensor module. Pin 2 of LM393 is connected to Preset (10K? Pot) while pin 3 is connected to Moisture sensor pin. The comparator IC will compare the threshold voltage set using the preset (pin2) and the sensor pin (pin3).

Moisture Sensor

The moisture sensor consists of two probes that are utilized to detect the moisture of the soil. The moisture sensor probes are coated with immersion gold that protects Nickel from oxidation. These two probes are made use of to pass the current through the soil and then the sensor reads the resistance to get the moisture values.

Preset (Trimmer pot)

Using the onboard preset you can adjust the threshold (sensitivity) of the electronic output.

How to Use Soil Moisture Sensor Module

Moisture sensor module consists of four pins i.e. VCC, GND, DO, AO. Electronic out pin is connected to the output pin of LM393 comparator IC while the analog pin is connected to Moisture sensor. The internal Circuit diagram of the Moisture sensor module is given below.

Using a Moisture sensor module with a microcontroller is very easy. Connect the Analog/Digital Output pin of the module to the Analog/Digital pin of Microcontroller. Connect VCC and GND pins to 5V and GND pins of Microcontroller. After that insert the probe inside the soil. When there is more water presented in the soil, it will conduct more electricity that means resistance will be low and the moisture level will be high.